Gospel Study Guide: The Death and Resurrection of Jesus

Gospel of Jesus Study Guide

Gospel Study Guide: The Death and Resurrection of Jesus

Introduction

  • Read 1 Peter 2:24 – Q: Why did Jesus die?
  • Read through the account of Jesus’ death and resurrection – John 18:28-20:31

I. Jesus’ Death

  1. Flogging (John 19:1 )
    • Victim was stripped naked; hands were tied above his head to a post.
    • Two Roman officials alternately whipped the victim until appropriate punishment or death had occurred under the supervision of a Centurion.
    • Scourges were whips made of leather thongs with balls of lead or bone tied into the leather thongs.
  2. Crucifixion (John 19:16 )
    • Victim carried the crossbeam to the place of execution.
    • Victim stripped of clothing, thrown back onto the cross beam and nailed through the wrists.
    • Crossbeam lifted onto the stake and feet nailed to the stake.
    • Hours of terrible pain to keep the breathing process going until ;exhaustion or dehydration or whatever other factor caused the victim to die.
  3. Burial (John 19:40 )
    • Jewish burial customs were very important. Body was washed and carefully prepared.
    • Three linen strips were used to wrap the body. Myrrh and aloes (gooey and sweet smelling substance) were spread between the strips of linen to stick it all together. Linen strip #1 was wrapped from one foot to the waist. Linen strip #2 was wrapped from the other foot to the waist. Linen strip #3 was wrapped from the shoulders around crossed arms to the waist. A separate cloth was placed over the head.
    • The body was placed in the tomb.

II. Jesus’ Resurrection

  1. Proof of Jesus’ resurrection = eyewitness accounts.
  2. Peter and John find empty tomb (John 20:1-9 ).
  3. Mary Magdalene (John 20:10-18 ).
  4. Jesus’ disciples (John 20:19-20 ).
  5. Thomas (John 20:24-28 ).
  6. Over 500 others (1 Corinthians 15:3-8 ).

III. Importance of the Resurrection

  1. Proof that Jesus is the Son of God (John 20:30-31 ).
  2. Proof of Jesus’ authority (John 2:12-22 ).
  3. Proof that there will be a resurrection and a Judgment day for all of us (Acts 17:29-31 ).

Close: Read 1 John 4:9-10

  1. The cross demonstrates God’s Grace (God’s unmerited favor on man).
  2. What more could God do to show his love for us?
  3. How does all this affect you, personally?

(Suggestion: take turns praying together about these things.)

Reasons Jesus Died:

  1. Mark10:42-45 To be a ransom for us.
  2. Luke 22:19-20 To help us.
  3. John 3:16-21 To save us because of love.
  4. John 12:20-33 To draw us into a relationship.
  5. Romans 5:12-21 To undo the sin issue.
  6. Romans 4:25 To make us innocent.
  7. 2 Corinthians 5:14-21 To give us a new unselfish life.
  8. Galatians 3:10-14 To free us from legalism and give the Spirit.
  9. Galatians 6:14 To free us from “the world”.
  10. Ephesians 2:14-18 To unite us with all kinds of people in Jesus.
  11. Colossians 2:13-15 To remove our sins and legal obligations.
  12. Colossians 3:1-4 To give new lifestyle, freed from the old patterns.
  13. Philippians 2:5-11 To give us a new, humble attitude.
  14. 1 Timothy 2:3-7 To unite us to God.
  15. Hebrews 2:9-18 To free us from the fear of dying.
  16. Hebrews 9:14-15 To forgive ALL sin.
  17. Hebrews 9:27-28 To take away sin.
  18. Hebrews 10:19-25 To give us confidence with God and each other.
  19. 1 Peter 2:21-25 To be our example.
  20. 1 John 1:5-2:2 To forgive us always.
  21. 1 John 3:16-24 To show us how to love (sacrifice); to give comfort.
  22. 1 John 4:9-21 To overcome our fear of punishment.

More Evidence for Jesus’ Resurrection:

  1. Matthew 27:45-28:20
  2. Mark 15:42-16:20
  3. Luke 23:50-24:53
  4. John 21:1-25
  5. Acts 1:3-8 40 days of convincing proofs.
  6. Acts 10:39-43 Chosen witnesses.
  7. Acts 13:32-41 Old Testament foretold this.
  8. 1 Corinthians 15:1-20 More eye witnesses.
  9. Acts 26:1-31 Paul’s complete turn around.
  10. 1 Peter 1:16-21 Eyewitness confirmation of predictions.
  11. 1 John 1:1-3 Seeing and touching the dead now alive.
  12. Mark 10:42-45 To be a ransom for us.
  13. Luke 22:19-20 To help us.
  14. John 3:16-21 To save us because of love.
  15. John 12:20-33 To draw us into a relationship.
  16. Romans 5:12-21 To undo the sin issue.
  17. Romans 4:25 To make us innocent.
  18. 2 Corinthians 5:14-21 To give us a new unselfish life.
  19. Galatians 3:10-14 To free us from legalism and give the Spirit.
  20. Galatians 6:14 To free us from “the world”.
  21. Ephesians 2:14-18 To unite us with all kinds of people in Jesus.
  22. Colossians 2:13-15 To remove our sins and legal obligations.
  23. Colossians 3:1-4 To give new lifestyle, freed from the old patterns.
  24. Philippians 2:5-11 To give us a new, humble attitude.
  25. 1 Timothy 2:3-7 To unite us to God.
  26. Hebrews 2:9-18 To free us from the fear of dying.
  27. Hebrews 9:14-15 To forgive ALL sin.
  28. Hebrews 9:27-28 To take away sin.
  29. Hebrews 10:19-25 To give us confidence with God and each other.
  30. 1 Peter 2:21-25 To be our example.
  31. 1 John 1:5-2:2 To forgive us always.
  32. 1 John 3:16-24 To show us how to love (sacrifice); to give comfort.
  33. 1 John 4:9-21 To overcome our fear of punishment.
  34. Matthew 27:45 , Matthew 28:20
  35. Mark 15:42 , Mark 16:20
  36. Luke 23:50 , Luke 24:53
  37. John 21:1-25
  38. Acts 1:3-8 40 days of convincing proofs.
  39. Acts 10:39-43 Chosen witnesses.
  40. Acts 13:32-41 Old Testament foretold this.
  41. 1 Corinthians 15:1-20 More eye witnesses.
  42. Acts 26:1-31 Paul’s complete turn around.
  43. 1 Peter 1:16-21 Eyewitness confirmation of predictions.
  44. 1 John 1:1-3 Seeing and touching the dead now alive.

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